Unless explicitly noted, cited, or credited, all textual and photographic content on this site is the author’s, and the reader is reminded that the author’s original work is copyrighted. The author receives no monetary or other gainful compensation for the work posted on this site. Photographs taken by the author are explicitly noted as such. No endorsement of the author’s work on this site by WordPress, by the author’s employer, or by any other entity, human or animal, is claimed or implied.
Wikimedia Commons images are used without any suggestion that the licensor endorses me or the use to which I put the relevant image. Where an owner or other party holding a creative commons license to an image is given on the Wikimedia Commons information page for that image, I attribute the image to that party.
For all images I employ from Wikimedia Commons I place in the caption a hyperlink to the file at Wikimedia Commons as offered for that image file under the “Use this file on the web” link on the Wikimedia Commons page. Specification or confirmation of the license type for the image in question can be found on that page, and through it the terms of the (usually creative commons) licenses as recorded by Wikimedia Commons. In determining the license or public domain status of an image I rely on the arguments put forth by Wikimedia Commons on the page to which I link. Where I have altered an image as taken from Wikimedia Commons it is either to rotate it as needed to make it upright and/or to crop a larger image to reduce it to the essentials I need for my arguments. I have done the former tacitly. The latter is acknowledged by a word such as “detail” in the caption.
In some cases I have been granted permission to use an image. This is noted in the caption of the image with the name of the grantor and any other information required by the grantor in the granting of permission, such as attribution or a formal title.
In a few cases I have used screenshots of relevant places taken from Google Earth or Google Maps. These have been appropriately credited.
I occasionally use an image for which some other entity holds the rights and which I have not been granted permission to use. These are used sparingly either to illustrate a critical discussion or for the purpose of satire. In these cases I have indicated that I do not hold the rights to the image and that I rely upon a fair use justification for the inclusion of such an image in my post.
In genealogical posts I have sometimes used images found on ancestry dot com, in which my family has a membership. These are government records or parish records. Where attribution is offered on ancestry dot com I have reproduced it in the caption of the image; mostly none is given. I have altered many of these images to exclude nonessential material.
If a copyright owner is mentioned but escaped my notice, or should assert a claim to the rights of an image I have inadvertently used without permission, I shall remove the image from this site.
Addendum: Green Mount Cemetery, Baltimore.
Green Mount has the following directive on its website:
Photographs (but not films) can be taken but they are not to be published commercially, and the photographer shall not identify the site, location or specific subject matter depicted in any such photograph. Photographing funerals is prohibited.
Since this is not a commercial site, use of photographs from Green Mount appear to be permitted on that basis. In addition, nowhere do I give site and plot numbers of graves. It is difficult to parse the directive not to identify “specific subject matter” in a photograph. Everything in every photograph is specific subject matter, yet they permit photographs. I await clarification on their website. I do not photograph funerals or other memorial services.
Addendum 2: Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, MA.
Mount Auburn photography policy states (in part): “Photography for any non-personal use (including professional, academic, and non-commercial uses) does require written permission.” I obtained a blanket permission to use images from Mount Auburn from Corinne Elicone of the Friends of Mount Auburn by email on 26 October 2019. Email available on request.
Addendum 3: Proper right and left. When describing a human figure I invariably speak of right and left from the figure’s point of view without using the technical terms for this, ‘proper right’ and ‘proper left.’ When writing about anything else, I switch to talking about right and left from the observer’s point of view.